The Borders of the German Reich
Nazi Germany altered almost all the borders in Europe by force
and the German Reich was extensively enlarged by the areas
that were annexed. The populations of the incorporated territories
were categorized as either "eindeutschungsfähig“
(capable of "Germanization") or "nicht eindeutschungsfähig“
(not capable of Germanization) and disenfranchised or expelled
accordingly. Germany's allies and the newly created satellite
states Italy, Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and Bulgaria
were also rewarded with large swathes of territory.
The designations and definitions of the various states, entities and
their populations used in Nazi statistics changed continuously between
1940 and 1944 as the borders changed. Until early 1942 forced laborers
were classified by nationality, i.e. Pole, Dutch or "Soviet Russian."
Later on geographical designations prevailed, e.g. General Government,
Netherlands or Yugoslavia. From 1942 onward individuals from the Soviet
Union were referred to as "Eastern Worker" (laborers from Former Soviet
Territory). In accordance with the "Eastern Worker Edicts" promulgated
in the Reichsgesetzblatt of July 2, 1942, these not only included ethnic
Russians, but also White Russians, Ukrainians, Poles and other nationalities:
"Eastern workers are those of non-German ethnicity recruited in the
Reichskommissariat Ukraine, the Generalkommissariat White Ruthenia,
or in areas adjoining these territories and the former free states Latvia
and Estonia." The Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia was proclaimed
on March 16, 1939 and comprised all those areas of Czechoslovakia that
remained after the annexation of the Sudetenland and the independence
of Slovakia. Thee Protectorate was part of the Greater German Reich.
After the attack on Yugoslavia, the territory of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia
was divided up between the newly proclaimed Independent State of Croatia,
Serbia, Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria. Individuals from those
areas annexed by Germany, Italy, Hungary and Bulgaria were registered
as Germans, Italians, Hungarians and Bulgarians.